Was the First Angel's Message Recognized as Teaching the Commencement of the Investigative Judgment?

Quotes from Stephen Haskell
Quotes from J.N. Andrews

Even though the proclamation of the 1st angel identified a specific event in 1844, is the message now no longer an important message?

Quote from Stephen Haskell
J.N.Andrews: The Angel of Revelation 18 linked with the 1st Angel's message

Historian Froome: The Sabbath and the Sanctuary Linked

Did the Pioneers Discard the 2300 day/year understanding after the disappointment?

James White: Where was the Mistake?

Quotes from Stephen Haskell:

The door into the holy of holies was opened in 1844, and "Behold one like the Son of Man came with the clouds of heaven and came to the Ancient of Days, and they brought him near before him."

No words could be framed which give a more vivid view of the opening of the judgment which occurred at the time of the announcement, "The hour of his judgment is come." In Daniel seven is the only description found in the Bible of the judgment scene announced by the first angel of Revelation fourteen. The message itself is the only announcement in the Bible that the time had arrived; and the fourteenth verse of the eighth chapter of Daniel is the only prophetic period given in the Bible which marks the time of the beginning of God's judgements. That period is the twenty-three hundred days or literal years which began in the year 457 B.C. With the decree to build and restore Jerusalem, and expired in 1844, A.D. It was at this latter date that the first angel of Revelation fourteen proclaimed the hour of God's judgment. The message went to all lands and the islands of the sea heard it.

When God had taken his position over his law in the most holy place in the heavenly sanctuary, in the most holy place in the heavenly sanctuary, then Christ came in to plead before him for his people. This coming could not be when he ascended up on high; for then he ascended to the Father, and the judgment was in the future. It cannot refer to his second coming to this earth; for then he comes from the Father: it was his coming before the Father when He took His position in the judgment at the end of the 2300 days. He came before the Father surrounded by the clouds of heaven; that is with thousands of angels who, as ministering spirits, have watched the lives of me, recording their words and deeds and thoughts. Characters have been formed, and have been mirrored in the books of heaven. When Christ came before the Father, the books were opened and the cases of the dead were investigated.
(Daniel the Prophet p. 100)

The prophet Daniel was given this view of the antitypical work: (7:9-10)
"I beheld till the thrones were set up and the Ancient of days did sit, whose garment was white as snow, and the hair of His head like pure wool: his throne was like the fiery flame, and his wheels as burning fire. A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him: thousand thousands ministered unto him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him: the judgment was set, and the books were opened."

"The Feast of Trumpets was both commemorative and typical. It was ten days before the day of atonement, the type of the great investigative judgment which opened in 1844, at the end of the long prophetic period of the 2300 years of Dan. 8:14. In the type the trumpets were blown throughout Israel, warning all of the near approach of the solemn day of atonement. In the antitype we should expect some world-wide message to be given in trumpet tones, announcing the time near when the great antitypical day of atonement, the investigative judgment, would convene in the heavens. Beginning with the years 1833-34 and extending down to 1844, such a message was given to the world in trumpet tones, announcing, "The hour of His judgment is come."

William Miller and others, in their study of the declaration in Dan. 8:14 found that this long prophetic period would end in 1843-1844. They failed to connect this text with the ancient typical sanctuary, but applied the term "sanctuary" to this earth, and taught that in 1844 Christ would come to the earth to cleanse it and judge the people.

William Miller was joined by hundreds of other ministers....during the 10 years preceding...1844, every civilized nation on the earth heard in trumpet tones the announcement of the message of Rev. 14:6,7, "The hour of His judgment is come."

The fact that the men who proclaimed this message misunderstood the full import of it, did not prevent their fulfilling the antitype of the ancient type. When the followers of Christ cried before Him, "Blessed be the King that comes in the name of the Lord," and spread palm branches in the way, believing that Jesus was entering Jerusalem to take the earthly kingdom, they fulfilled the prophecy of Zech. 9:9. If they had known that in a few days their Lord would hang upon the accursed tree, they could not have fulfilled the prophecy; for it would have been impossible for them to "rejoice greatly."

In like manner the message due to the world between 1834 and 1844 could never have been given with the power and joyfulness demanded to fulfil the antitype, if those giving it had understood that the Savior, instead of coming to this earth, was to enter the most holy apartment of the heavenly sanctuary, and begin the work of the investigative judgment." (The Cross and It's Shadow p. 204-206)

Quotes from J.N. Andrews"

"Says our Lord: "But they which shall be accounted worthy to obtain that world, and the resurrection from the dead," etc. Then it is certain that the act of accounting worthy to obtain the resurrection from among the dead, and a part in the world to come, does precede the resurrection of the righteous. This act of accounting men worthy of a part in the kingdom of God is the very act of acquitting them in the judgment. The investigative judgment in the cases of the righteous is therefore, past before their resurrection...

This period of investigative judgment is ushered in by a solemn proclamation to the inhabitants of the earth; and this investigative work embraces the closing years of human probation. This is a very important statement. But it is susceptible of being clearly proved.

"And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people, saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come; and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters." Rev. 14:6,7.

The gospel of Christ is the "power of God unto salvation to everyone that believes" Roman 1:16. No other gospel than this can be preached, not even by an angel from heaven. Thus it follows that the angel of Rev. 14:6,7 preaching the everlasting gospel, represents some part of the the great gospel proclamation. It is a part of that preaching which is the power of God unto salvation to everyone that believes. ..That this announcement of the hour of God's judgment precedes the advent of Christ, and is addressed to men while yet in probation, the fourteenth chapter of Revelation clearly proves. This is not some local judgments is proved by the fact that "every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people," are concerned in it. It is evidently that part of the judgment which precedes the coming of Christ, and as has been already shown, this is the work of determining who shall be accounted worth to have part in the resurrection to immortal life. (The Judgment, its Events and their Order pp. 9-11)

Do the first two angels' messages continue even thought their grand and initial proclamation is firmly fixed in our history?

It was the sanctuary message that gave the Sabbath it's importance!

"Stephen Haskell writes:

"When the autumn of 1844 passed and the Savior did not come. bitter sorrow filled the hearts of the people...As they turned their eyes heavenward, by faith they saw the heavenly temple and realized that they truthfully given the message, "The hour of His judgment is come" for Christ entered the most holy place of the heavenly sanctuary, at the end of the two thousand three hundred days and hundred days and commensed the work of the investigative judgment.

The message went to the world; there was not a missionary station in the earth, where they did not hear the message, "The hour of His judgment is come". Some may inquire, 'Why was the message of Christ's coming given at that time?' We may also ask, 'Why did Christ permit His followers to escort Him into Jerusalem, intending to crown Him as King, when He knew He was going there to be crucified?" His followers fulfilled the prophecy of Zeh. 9:9. If they had know the truth they could not have given the shouts of rejoicing that fulfilled the prophecy. Likewise, the announcement of the opening of the judgment was to be given with a loud voice to the whole world. If the people of God had understood all at first they would never have given the message with power.

"This is the first angel's message of the fourteenth chapter of Revelation, and it will continue to sound till time shall close. In 1843 and 1844 it swelled into the loud cry by the added voice of the angel with the time message. In the very end of time, when oppression is again almost unbearable, just before the close of probation, it will again swell into loud cry. In the meantime, the message of the first angel goes steadily forward, and heaven will join in giving the everlasting gospel." —Haskell, Seer of Patmos, p. 255-256

Here's J.N.Andrews

"Those disappointed, expected the Lord in 1843 and 44. This fact is with many a sufficient reason for rejecting all the testimony in this case. We acknowledge the disappointment, but cannot acknowledge that this furnishes a just reason for denying the hand of God in this work. ...Disappointment does not prove that god has no hand in the hindrance of his people. It should lead them to correct their errors, but it should not lead them to cast away their confidence in God....the angel who proclaims the hour of God's Judgment does not give the latest message of mercy. Revelation 14 presents two other and later proclamations, before the close of probation. This fact alone is sufficient to prove that the coming of the Lord does not take place until the second and third proclamations have BEEN ADDED TO THE FIRST.

The judgment does, of necessity, commence before the advent of Christ; for he comes to execute the Judgment...The investigative judgment does, therefore, precede the execution of the same by the Savior....It is this work of judgment by the Father which the first angel introduces. The great period of 2300 days, which extends to the cleansing of the Sanctuary. ...Thus the prophetic periods, and the PROCLAMATION which is based upon them, do not extend to the coming of the Lord.....

(The angel of Rev. 18:1,2) will dissipate the darkness which Babylon's errors have caused. This angle accomplishes his work IN INTIMATE CONNECTION WITH THE ANGEL WHO ANNOUNCES THAT THE HOUR OF GOD'S JUDGMENT IS COME, and with that other angle who preaches the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus. It is at the time of these messages that the people of God are called out of Babylon--a proof conclusive that the greater part are in Babylon when this proclamation by a work which SHALL establish the primitive purity, and this work must be accomplished by the THREE ANGELS.
( "Three Messages of Revelation 14" pp.34,35,71,72)

LeRoy Froome writes:

"Although the Seventh-day Sabbath came to the attention of a group of Adventists through the Seventh Day Baptists, it was the light on the sanctuary and the prophecy of Daniel 7:25 coupled with that of Revelation 14:9-12 that invested it with a significance and an importance that the Sabbath had never had under the Seventh Day Baptists. They had long held that all the Ten Commandments are moral, not ceremonial; that they are unchangeable, being a revelation of the character of God' and that the change of the Sabbath was made by the papal church h without authorization from God.

But Mrs. Preston, in Washington, New Hampshire, simply urging the claim of the unchanged seventh day Sabbath, did not have much initial success. Only in the sanctuary setting did it begin to grip hearts. The belief that men were living in the judgment hour, and were to be judged by the great unchanged standard of the judgment, with the coming of Christ drawing near, drove home the conviction that the Lord was calling men to obey all of His commandments.

Only after Edson had grasped the larger principle of the sanctuary service... and Bates, unfolded the Sabbath truth with the logical clarity for which he was noted...was the connection made between the Sabbath message and the sanctuary message, which from that time forward were increasingly and inseparably associated. (Prophetic Faith VI p. 960)


James White writes:

"A school boy, that can add and subtract, can see that if the seventy weeks commensed B.C. 457, as shown by the "Herald," the 2300 days certainly terminated in 1844. It was oft repeated in 1843 "FIGURES WON'T LIE."

"Jesus caused the "sacrifice and oblation to cease" in the middle of the seventieth week, by ..the cross, in the spring of A.D. 31. To this add three years and a half. The last half of the seventieth week, and it brings us to the autumn of A.D. 34 for the termination of the seventy weeks, (490 years). Then add 1810 years, the last part of the 2300, which reach to the cleansing of the Sanctuary, and it brings us to the Autumn of 1844. AMEN!

"At this point of time the Midnight Cry was given, ..and Jesus passed into the Most Holy Place to receive the kingdom, and to cleanse the Sanctuary.

With these facts before us, it seems strange that any one should contend that the 2300 days are not ended. ...Since 1844, so many times have been published, with little or no evidence to sustain them...and we may reasonably expect that those who have published these false times will be ashamed of their past course in removing the "landmarks." (The Present Truth Vol.1 No.10 p.78)

In Bible Adventism, James White writes:

With this great fact before us, that the 2300 days of Daniel, which reached to the cleansing of the sanctuary, would terminate at that time, and also with the light of the types, that the high priest in "the example and shadow of heavenly things, " on the tenth day of the seventh month, entered within the second vail to cleanse the sanctuary, we confidently expected the advent of our Redeemer in the seventh month, 1844. The prophecy said, "Then shall the sanctuary be cleansed." The type said that at that season in the year the high priest should pass from the holy place of the earthly tabernacle to the most holy, to cleanse the sanctuary. Lev.16.

With these facts before us, we reasoned as follows:
(1) The sanctuary is the earth, or the land of Palestine.
(2) The cleansing of the sanctuary is the burning of the earth, or the purification of Palestine, at the coming of Christ.
(3) And hence our great High Priest will leave the tabernacle of God in Heaven, and descend in flaming fire on the tenth day of the seventh month, in the autumn of 1844.

It is needless to say that we were painfully disappointed. And, though the man does not live who can overthrow the chronological argument which terminates the 2300 days at that time, or meet the evidence by which it is fortified and sustained; yet multitudes, without stopping to inquire whether our conceptions of the sanctuary and of its cleansing were correct, have openly denied the agency of Jehovah in the Advent movement, and have pronounced it the work of man. ...

The sanctuary, since the commencement of Christ's priesthood, is the true tabernacle of God in Heaven. This is plainly stated in Heb.8:1-6. These points are conclusive evidence that the wordly sanctuary of the first covenant has given place to the heavenly sanctuary of the new covenant. The typical sanctuary is forsaken, and the priesthood is transferred to the true tabernacle.

But the most important question in the mind of the reader is this: How did Gabriel explain the sanctuary to Daniel? Did he not point out to him the transition from the "figure" or "pattern, " to the "greater and more perfect tabernacle, " the true holy places? We answer, He did.

1. Gabriel explained to Daniel what portion of the 2300 days belonged to Jerusalem and the Jews: "Seventy weeks have been cut off upon thy people, and upon thy holy city." - Whiting's Translation. Dan.9:24. Then the whole of the 2300 days does not belong to old Jerusalem, the place of the earthly sanctuary, nor do they all belong to the Jews, the professed people of God in the time of the first covenant.

2. For in that period of seventy weeks, the transgression was to be finished; that is, the Jewish people were to fill up their measure of iniquity, by rejecting and crucifying the Messiah, and were no longer to be his people, or host. Dan.9:24; Matt.23:32, 33; 21:33-43; 27:25.

3. Gabriel showed Daniel that the earthly sanctuary would be destroyed shortly after their rejection of the Messiah, and never be rebuilt, but be desolate till the consummation. Dan.9:26, 27.

4. The angel brings the new covenant to Daniel's view. "He [the Messiah] shall confirm the covenant with many for one week." Dan.9:27; Matt.26:28.

.... It is, therefore, an established fact that the worldly sanctuary of the first covenant, and the heavenly sanctuary of the new covenant, are both embraced in the vision of the 2300 days. Seventy weeks are cut off upon the earthly sanctuary; and at their termination, the true tabernacle, with its anointing, its sacrifice, and its Minister, is introduced. And it is interesting to notice that the transfer from the tabernacle made with hands, to the true tabernacle itself, which the Lord pitched, and not man, is placed by Gabriel at the very point where the Bible testifies that the shadow of good things to come ceased, being nailed to the cross, Col.2:14, 17; where the offering of bulls and goats gave place to the great Sacrifice, Heb.9:11-14; 10:1-10; Ps.40:6-8: Dan.9:27; where the Levitical priesthood was superseded by that of the order of Melchisedec, Hebrews, chapters 5-7; Ps.110; where the example and shadow of heavenly things was terminated by the more excellent ministry which it shadowed forth, Heb.8:1-6; and where the holy places which were the figures of the true, were succeeded by the true holy places in Heaven. Heb.9:23, 24. We have seen that Gabriel did not explain the 2300 days and the sanctuary in Dan.8. We now see that in Dan.9 he explained both.
(James White--Bible Adventism, pp. 146,155,156)

J.B Cook writes:

I confess that we were grievously disappointed. The question of our disappointment is distinct from that of prophetic fulfillment. In Matt. 21, we have an illustration. The blessed twelve and the shouting multitude were on the tip-toe of expectation. They thought that His (Christ's) entrance into Jerusalem according to prophecy, was the time when He would take the throne. They were disappointed, because they misconceived His design in fulfilling that predicted event. The prophecy was, however, just as really fulfilled as if they had correctly conceived God's purpose...

We confess our mistake relative to God's design in those prophetic accomplishments. We stand corrected. ...The Jews, instead of correcting their mistakes, as did the despised disciples, by Providence and prophecy, they stood on their "original belief". Messiah must come according to their conceptions.

...The idea that chronologists have erred, and have caused us to err, looks like playing into the hands of Infidels.... Bro. Miller says in his letter of March 10 "I have no guilt in proclaiming time, for the time is, by God, revealed, and wherever the mistake may be it is not in my power to rectify it. I must leave that with God."

The mistake was of precisely the same nature of that of the twelve disciples and others. They overlooked the events which were to intervene between that prophetic fulfillment and the kingdom. They mistook our Lord's design in that fulfillment. It was however a fulfillment. So in our case precisely, God's will was done. (The Adventist Review Vol 1 No. 2 August 1850 p.14)

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